Medical

What you should know about STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections)

STIs are the acronym of Sexually Transmitted Infections which can pass to another during sex from the infected person. Mainly vaginal intercourse is the way to transfer the infection from a person to another. However, skin-to-skin contact, oral and anal sex can create the same impact as well by making the healthy person infected.

Both bacteria and viruses can result in STIs namely Syphilis, Chlamydia, Herpes, Hepatitis B and many more.  This blog entails some interesting fact you must know on STIs before visiting a sexual health clinic for treatment. So, read on…..

How to know if the partner has any STI?

Interact. Obviously, it will be quite uncomfortable yet interaction is better way to know if he or she has any STI before having sex. Even, you should inquire if he or she possesses any risk of having STI. Some potential risk aspects comprise of having sexual contact with multiple partners; had an early STI infection and using injected drugs or sharing the needles.

Despite of the matter, always stay protected. Also, you must share if you are suffering from any. There is no kind of favours or benefits by not sharing the information.

STIs common symptoms

The typical symptoms of STIs comprise of the following:

  • Vaginal discharge and itching in the vagina
  • Unusual discharge from penis
  • Painful urination and sex
  • Pain in pelvic area
  • People having oral sex suffers from sore throats
  • Pain around the anus for those having anal sex
  • Painless red sores (chancre sores) in throat, tongue, anus and genitals
  • Scaly rash all over the soles and palms of feet and hands respectively
  • Yellowish skin and eyes, light-coloured faeces and dark urine
  • Little blisters turning into scabs in genitals
  • Body pain, fever and swollen glands
  • Weight loss, night sweats, unexplained fatigue and unusual infections
  • Flesh-coloured soft warts around genitals

What results in STIs?

While having sex, you are more likely to develop an STI. The risk gets increased by increasing the number of sex partners. Even if you don’t use any protection the risk will not lessen anymore.

Is it possible to avoid or prevent STIs?

To stay prevented from STIs, it is better not to have sex.  In case you want to have sex then choose a partner who haven’t sex with anybody and doesn’t have any STI as well. Condoms must be used during sex be it anal or oral.

Can condom protect you from STIs?

Latex male condoms alleviate the risk of STI infection if it is used in right way. Make sure that every time you are going to have sex use condoms. In contrast to female condoms, male condoms are highly efficient. Female condoms should be used only when your male partner doesn’t use any.

Always remember that condoms can’t give 100% protection. It is unable to protect you from sores (which mainly occur during herpes) and warts (resulted from HPV infection).

Steps to use male condoms

  • Put on the condom prior sexual intercourse
  • Just place it on the top and unroll over erected penis to its base (uncircumcised men must pull the foreskin back during unrolling). Unrolled ring must be on outer side. Keep half inch of the space at the tip for collecting semen after ejaculation. You can squeeze its tip to ensure no trapping of air inside.
  • Pull it out right after ejaculation before the penis becomes soft again. Again make use of the rim at penis’ base to ensure that it removes smoothly without any chance of slipping.
  • Never reuse any condoms

Steps to use female condoms

  • Just follow the instructions mentioned on the package of the condom for its proper placement. The inner ring must enter as deep as it can into the vagina while the outer ring will stay outside.
  • Allow the penis to get into condom
  • Once you have done sex, lightly pull it off before you stand up
  • Never reuse any condoms

What other things a person can do to prevent STI?

Always stay limited to a restricted sex partner number. Inquire if you partner has or had any STI. Even if you have any talk about it without hesitation. Discuss about STI testing and if you need further testing or not.

You can check for the symptoms of STI in the partner. However, not every time STIs will emerge some symptoms. Sexual intercourse must be avoided if either of the partners is undergoing STI treatment at present. Genitals must be washed using water and sop. Urinate right after having sex as this will wash away some germs prior they can invade some sexual health issue.

Is spermicide better to use for preventing STIs?

Not at all. Once spermicide along nonoxynol-9 was effectively used for preventing STI infection- the similar way used for prevention of pregnancy. It damages the organisms which cause the infections. But latest study reveals that nonoxynol-9 is the reason of irritation in cervix and vagina heightening the probability of STI.

Before using any sex-oriented products like condoms and lubricants, ingredients must be looked after. Many products use nonoxynol-9 as one of their ingredients. In such case, ask the doctor to recommend the best product.

STI treatment

Antibiotics are used for curing bacterial STIs like Chlamydia. Viral STIs like Herpes and HIV are non curable. However, proper medication can manage to control the symptoms. When it comes to seek medical attention, don’t delay.

Initial detection and treatment can improve the quality of your life with administration of proper treatment on time. Even if STIs can’t be cured completely by treatment it will prevent the individual from falling ill. Medication should be taken as per doctor’s instructions.

Surviving with STIs

Visit a GP in London to get checked if you are suspicious about an infection. You should visit the GP if there is any symptom or any kind of abnormality in your health. Chlamydia can result in infertility in women. HPV causes cervical and penile cancer. Syphilis can be the culprit for blindness, heart damage, mental problems and paralysis. It can be responsible for death as well.

Questions to rise in front of the doctor

Once you visit the GP, you must ask the following questions:

  • Do you have bacterial or viral STI?
  • Which is the best possible treatment?
  • Is sex possible with your partner without transferring the STI?
  • How to stop getting infected by an STI?
  • If an STI is there, is the person more prone to get another?
  • For how long the treatment will likely to last?
  • What the possible side effects of the treatment?
  • Is there any local support group?
  • In case the symptoms become worse, when is the right time to call up a doctor?

Always look for a reliable local sexual health clinic in London from where you can expect proper testing and treatment on time. Most clinics offer same day and walk-in appointment facility for the emergency need of the patients. Choose a clinic on the basis of the experience, price and quality of services they offer!

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