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App DevelopmentWeb Development

Web Application Development: Frontend Vs Backend

Web application development encompasses a wide technology domain that is concerned with the creation of visually appealing and functional websites and web-based apps. When working on their projects, experts who create these solutions employ an array of programming frameworks, languages and tools.

Each developer has the same goal to make sure their final creation appears flawless, runs efficiently, and meets the primary goal the client has set. In the end you can find two faces of the web application development coin.

The first is connected to what users are able to see on their display. The other manages the inner operations of the website like the management of databases in addition to sending queries to servers. They’re the front and the backend of a web application development solution.

The Most Significant Differences

Frontend Development

As we discussed when making the distinction between backend development and frontend development, the latter handles what users see on their browsers. The Frontend Developer takes an image mockup (an illustration) of a web page designed by a web application development developer and converts it to an actual web application that users are able to interact with.

In order to achieve this to accomplish this, the developer divides the mockup into distinct web elements, like images, sliders, buttons menus, forms and so on. He is able to assign specific behaviour to these elements with the help of JavaScript (animation and hiding/displaying and changing styles dynamically etc.).

Users are able to use these controls independently by selecting an option from an option list, fill out the form, click an option or checkbox, etc. This is not possible using mockups, which are simply an illustration of the entire page.

What a Frontend Developer Should Know

Frontend developers create this division into distinct web page components using various tools that use three web technologies at the top of the list: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This is a major distinction between the front and back-end developer who use a different technology stack.

Let’s look at the roles the three crucial frontend tools can perform.

HTML is a Skeleton the Web Page

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a basic structure for the web page. HTML makes use of a variety of descriptors for elements, also known as tags to give a website page while doing web application development. Each element on a web page has its own tag as well as the specific location on the page.

CSS the “Flesh as well as Blood” of the Web Page

CSS is a system that lets frontend developers define the style of every web page element using specific properties that are organized in rules.

HTML can be used to create the structure of websites but that’s not all. If you have a page which only contains HTML tags, with a few information inside, it’ll appear as if it’s a text that you’ve written in the word processor. To make a website visually appealing, you must use elements with appropriate styles (colors borders and fonts, font size and face as well as other such things) front-end developers use CSS (also known as Cascading Style Sheets).

JavaScript is the (Exciting) life of the Web Page

HTML as well as CSS are just technologies that define the design and structure of web pages. JavaScript is, on the other hand is a complete programming language whose primary purpose is to make websites lively and engaging.

For example, JavaScript allows frontend developers to validate on-the-fly data that users input into forms fields (by instantly drawing an orange border around fields that contain incorrect data or in any other manner).

JavaScript can also be used to creating cool effects in web application development, like animating web page elements or creating an infinite scroll. Although this language is the most used in the front-end development community, JavaScript does come with its drawbacks.

One of the most dangerous of these is a lack of verbosity. frontend designers have to repeatedly repeat the same syntactic patterns frequently, making the code lengthy and difficult to analyze. Another issue frontend developers have to deal with is the increasing complex nature of modern user interfaces that have a variety of interactive functions.

This led the community to come up with JavaScript frameworks. The most well-known of these currently are:

  • React.js
  • Vue.js
  • Angular

Utilizing these superstructures frontend developers can design websites much more efficiently. The code that is created is more compact and easy to test. Alongside knowing how program code, frontend designers must be able to interact with graphic programs, such as Photoshop, Sketch, Figma, Adobe XD, and similar editors.

Backend Development

Let’s talk about the difference between a front web developer and a back-end web developer. Like the name suggests, backend developers deal with the operations that go on under the hood of a web or website application.

A front end that does not have an engine is just like an automobile without an engine. Simply sit at the steering wheel of a car as follows. The ignition key is turned on and push the pedal for acceleration. There’s nothing happening.

The backend acts as a web engine. Click the Submit button on an online form which only has an interface. There is nothing to happen. It will be impossible to add users or the dynamically updated content on your site.

There are some fundamental components of a website’s backend includes:

  • A database can be described as a set of tables for data. To manage databases, backend developers use various DBMS (Database Management Systems). A few examples are MySQL along with Oracle.
  • A server is an electronic device that houses the database.
  • A specific application, referred to as web server, is run in a server transmitting data from a database in response to requests made by a web site. An instance can be Apache HTTP Server.
  • A key role of a backend developer is to make sure seamless data exchange process

What Backend Developers Should Know

When it comes to comparing back end development has an entirely different stack of technology in comparison to the earlier. Although the majority of Backend programmers are proficient in the use of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. However, they are skilled in certain programming languages. The most popular of them are:

SQL also known as Structured Query Language. It is the primary tool used to work with databases. Through SQL queries backend developers can carry out various database-related manipulations. This includes retrieving, updating, or the inserting of data in tables.

PHP, also known as Hypertext processor. The scripting language embedded directly into HTML pages. This  extremely useful to web designers. In terms of front-end development vs backend development there is a distinction in the location. Where code written in these two main language programming systems is implemented.

  • PHP runs on servers
  • JavaScript run through browsers (although JavaScript code executed on a server using the JS framework Node.js also)

There are various other backend frameworks and programming languages, like Python, Java, Ruby on Rails and many others.


Backend engineers should also be able to set up websites. Also, run tests on their code as well as create APIs and perform other tasks. VisionX is one of the best web application development company that ensures efficient communication between the client and server. These are some of the main facts you should look into before choosing a web application development services.

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