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Learn Causes and Treatment of Osteoporosis

The most common reason for fracture is bone thinning, which is also known as Osteoporosis. Studies show that 200 million people are suffering from osteoporosis, but no worries because it can be treated with exercise, medications, etc. The most common risk factors for bone-thinning are:

  • Menopause
  • Take of Medications
  • Low body Weight
  • Smoking 
  • Being a woman 

When people suffer from early signs of bone thinning, they often avoid them, but they have no idea how it can cause bone damage. 1 in 5 people experience osteoporosis, and the most common victims are women. 

I remember that the Best Orthopedic surgeon in Rawalpindi suggested me to have an annual exam if someone has had osteoporosis disease in my family. You should also consult with your doctor to learn if you are suffering from the bone-weakening disease. 

Know Everything about Osteoporosis 

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis comes from Latin which means porous bones. This condition involves the damage of the bones. A bone contains the small spaces inside which look like a honeycomb.

Osteoporosis is the condition that increases these spaces in size, which becomes the reason for density and strength loss of the bone. If you are a teen, it does not mean that you can’t suffer from this disease. This is also a fact that osteoporosis is common in adults over 50. 

Such bone-thinning disease increases the risks of fracture or bone break. Do you know what bones are most affected by Osteoporosis? 

Have a look at the following:

  • Wrist 
  • Hip
  • Ribs 

Causes of Osteoporosis 

There are many cases reported of bone thinning in which the real cause was the medications. Side effects of any medicine can cause damage to your bones. Hyperthyroidism is also a cause of osteoporosis. If you are taking long-term medication to cure any diseases, it can increase the space inside your bones and weaken them. 

Risk Factors What We Should Learn About 

Hormonal Change or Menopause 

When a woman comes to age around 45 or 55, she suffers from menopause. Changes in hormonal levels can cause bone loss in women’s bodies. Estrogen is a hormone that protects the bones. When women reach menopause, the risks of developing osteoporosis also increases. 

You can easily control menopause risk factors from bone loss with a healthy bone diet and exercise. Quit smoking as it is also a common factor that affects bone health. 


Our body experiences the breakdown of old bones to grow new ones throughout our life. But after the 30s, the rate of bone-breaking procedure increases rather than replacing it. Such bone condition is more prone to fracture. 

Osteoporosis Symptoms 

The early condition of osteoporosis does not cause any signs or symptoms. Sometimes, people with bone thinning bone disease do not get about their condition until they have a fracture. 

Learn About The Early Osteoporosis Symptoms:

  • Brittle Nails
  • Receding Gums
  • Weakened Grip Strength 

Some other symptoms can reveal your weak bone conditions. 

  • Loss of height over time
  • Easily breakable bones
  • Back pain due to collapsed vertebra 
  • A stooped posture 

Who Should Consider Bone Density Test?

To ensure the early signs of bone health, your doctor may run blood and urine tests. Medical history and physical exam are also part of the disease diagnosing test. Such tests will reveal if there is any risk factor to develop osteoporosis.  

What Other Tests Your Orthopedic Surgeon May Ask For:

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXMA)

This test measures the bone density in some specific areas of your body, including the spine, hip, and wrists. 


If your tests diagnose the loss of bone density, then your doctor will plan on treatment and prescribe you some medications and ask you to change your daily activities. Your doctor may also suggest hormone therapies and a healthy diet for your bone. 

 Final Thoughts 

Fracture is an issue that can interfere with our daily life activities. We should not forget that it takes a long time to heal and can cause damage to other parts too. Weak bones cause osteoporosis and make the bones easy to breakable even with a strong sneeze. Research from Wah International Hospital also reveals that a healthy diet for bones can help us stay active in our future

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